Corrections? Mai 1886 in Madrid; 28. The new system entailed a commitment between the monarch and two political parties (Conservatives and Liberals). International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. Alfonso XIII of Spain 1902-1931 Called "the African» 1 (Madrid, May 17, 1886-Rome, February 28, 1941), was king of Spain from birth until the proclamation of the Second Republic on April 14, 1931. His great personal courage in the face of these attacks, however, won him considerable admiration. King Alfonso XIII of Spain was the Spanish sovereign from his birth on May 17, 1886, until the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic on April 14, 1931. Alfonso was monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year.Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. An office dealing with prisoners-of-war and missing personnel was established at the Royal Palace in Madrid. In 1906, Alfonso married Princess Victoria Eugénie of Battenberg, granddaughter of Queen Victoria of Great Britain. King Alfonso XIII of Spain (husband of Victoria’s granddaughter, Victoria Eugenie) The war saw Germany (along with Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire) square off against a coalition of allies including the United Kingdom, Romania and Russia. 3. King Alfonso I, also referred to as “the Apostle of the Kongo,” served as King of the Kongo in Africa from the early part of the 1500’s through 1542. 5. Alfonso’s reputation was tarnished after the Disaster of Annual in July 1921, when the Berber leader Abd el-Krim (1882–1963) defeated the Spanish Army. von Spanien geboren. Both sons with hemophilia died without having children. In 1902, on his 16th birthday, he assumed full authority as king. Additionally, King Alfonso XIII of Spain also fell gravely ill with the virus, heightening press coverage in the country and grabbing headlines elsewhere. Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931. is licensed under: CC by-NC-ND 3.0 Germany - Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivative Works. Two years later, the king sided with General Miguel Primo de Rivera’s (1870–1930) dictatorship, dealing a death blow to the monarchy in Spain. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The queen mother was born an Archduchess of Austria; Alfonso’s wife, Victoria Eugenia, Queen, consort of Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1887–1969), was a granddaughter of Victoria, Queen of Great Britain (1837–1901). ALFONSO XIII (1886–1941) BIBLIOGRAPHY. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885.After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. His mother abdicated in his favour in 1870, and he returned to Spain as king in 1874 following a military coup against the First Republic. Click here to subscribe to the Hemophilia News Today Newsletter! Alfonso's biological paternity is uncertain: there is speculation that his biological father may have been Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans (a captain of the guard). After Spanish unrest in the summer of 1917, including military insubordination (Juntas Nacionales de Defensa), political challenge to the system (Asamblea de Parlamentarios in Barcelona), and the revolutionary general strike, Alfonso XIII was considered to be more sympathetic to the German position. Due to King Alfonso's whims and the absence of parliamentary majorities in the pre-World War I period, the monarchy was actively involved in ministerial instability. The 1918 influenza pandemic did not, as many people believed, originate in Spain. Why did Alfonso XIII get expelled Because he permitted the dictator Primo de Rivera to dictate Spain from 1923-1930 and because he acted bad in the Marruecos Guerra When was the 2nd republic of … The 1918–1919 influenza pandemic was the most devastating epidemic in modern history. His mother, Maria Christina (1858–1929), was regent until 1902. His remains were later returned to Spain in 1980 after his grandson, Juan Carlos, became King of Spain after the death of General Franco. Although his conduct during World War I was irreproachable (he observed a scrupulous neutrality and rendered great service to humanitarian causes), in the postwar period he began to move toward a system of more personal rule, even seeking a means to rid himself of the legislature. The relationship between the Portuguese and the Kongo (which is now part of the modern state of the Congo formerly known as Zaire) was based in trade. Alfonso relished his position of authority. Alfonso XII, also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885. He grew up in and around Spain with his mother (she was an Austrian Princess) and his two sisters. He tended to speak ill of the British to the French and vice versa, doing the same with the Italians and Austrians. Alfons XIII. He left a legacy as the king who worked to spread Catholicism throughout the Kongo, abandoning the rituals and customs that were practices in the land. Period: 1902 to 1923. Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941), also known as El Africano or the African, was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931. Alfonso was born in Madrid on May 17, 1886, 6 months after the death of his father, King Alfonso XII. An der Vaterschaft bestehen allerdings Zweifel[1], da Francisco kränklich war und teils als zeugungsunfähig, teils als homosexuell bezeichnet wurde; als biologischer Vater wird daher gelegentlich Enrique Puigmoltó y Mayans, ein Hauptmann der Leibgard… After the failure of the First Spanish Republic in 1873, a conservative seizure of power led to the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy with the ascendance of Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1857–1885)to the throne. Why Was It Called the 'Spanish Flu?' King Alfonso XIII (1885– 1931) was not a modernizer. Alfonso XIII of Spain, also known as El Africano, was the King of Spain from his birth in 1886 until the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. Alfons XII. Some auth… 1886 - Alfonso XIII was born on the 17th of May. King Alfonso I, also referred to as “the Apostle of the Kongo,” served as King of the Kongo in Africa from the early part of the 1500’s through 1542. He was King for only a short period, eleven years scarce, because he died in November 1885, when he was just about to turn twenty-eight, from complications from the tuberculosis he was suffering. 1 (1) Hemophilia is a rare blood condition where people do not have the clotting factor which enables their blood to clot when bleeding. He was the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. Hence, Alfonso considered himself to be the long-awaited “regenerator” who would allow Spain to enter prosperous times and recover its prestige abroad. The supporters of the Count of Molina as king of Spain rose to h… He died on February 28th, 1941. During the First World War he established a humanitarian office for prisoners and civilian relief at the Royal Palace in Madrid. Alfonso xiii and the second republic 1. He left a legacy as the king who worked to spread Catholicism throughout […] Additionally, King Alfonso XIII of Spain also fell gravely ill with the virus, heightening press coverage in the country and grabbing headlines elsewhere. Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. African colonial slumps of the year 1921 gave the signal for the start of a general offensive against the throne, and the army, respectively represented by King Alfonso XIII and the general Primo de Rivera. Why is the Republic of South Africa referred to as a Rainbow Nation? The Alfonso family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1880 and 1920. King Alfonso XIII, however, would not live to see any of that as he died in Rome not long after his abdication a month later on February 28, 1941. The Restoration was a constitutional system of shared sovereignty between the monarchy and parliament. One remarkable thing about Alfonso XIII is that he became king the minute he was born, which was in the year 1886, because his father had died before he was born. Free trial available! After the failure of the First Spanish Republic in 1873, a conservative seizure of power led to the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy with the ascendance of Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1857–1885) to the throne. After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1941), who was bor… Built by King Alfonso XIII for the royals and VIPs attending Seville’s 1929 world fair, the Hotel Alfonso XIII is -literally- built for royalty. General Francisco Franco reinstated him as a Spanish citizen and restored his property (confiscated in 1932), but he eventually abdicated his rights to his third son, Don Juan. News of the sickness first made headlines in Madrid in late-May 1918, and coverage only increased after the Spanish King Alfonso XIII came down with a nasty case a week later. She was very anxious to build up his physical strength, and he was encouraged to spend much time swimming, sailing, and riding. So he was a … (spanisch Alfonso XIII, * 17. Alfonso XIII grew up to be a soldier and was fond of wearing the captain general uniform in public. In 1880 there were 21 Alfonso families living in Florida. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. They just don’t make them this way anymore… Built by King Alfonso XIII for the royals and VIPs attending Seville’s 1929 world fair, the Hotel Alfonso XIII is … He was the first of the Portuguese Kings to rule in the Kongo. Alfonso was born in Madrid on May 17, 1886, 6 months after the death of his father, King Alfonso XII. In 1911, after a visit to Melilla, a Spanish city in Africa, the king was dubbed the epithet “The African.” Alfonso was always close to the army fighting in Morocco, making clear his support for this part of the army in crisis between civil and military powers. Alfonso XIII was royalty. DOI: 10.15463/ie1418.10282. Because his father died before he was born he was considered King of Spain from the moment he was born. The morbidity pattern (affecting mostly young and healthy persons), together with the rapid disease progression to fatal multiorgan failure and death, were distinct features of the 1918–1919 influenza pandemic [3–6]. The eldest surviving son of Queen Isabella II and, presumably, her consort, the duque de Cádiz, Alfonso accompanied his mother into exile following her deposition by the revolution of September 1868. Alfonso XII, (born November 28, 1857, Madrid, Spain—died November 25, 1885, Madrid), Spanish king whose short reign (1874–85) gave rise to hopes for a stable constitutional monarchy in Spain.. King Alfonso XIII (1885– 1931) was not a modernizer. Popularity: Alfonso Herrera Alfonso Herrera is an actor. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Alfonso was born in Madrid as the eldest son of Queen Isabella II. He was most prominent from 1886 to 1886. He intervened directly in the Moroccan War in 1921 with such disastrous effect that a subsequent commission of inquiry placed the blame squarely on him for the defeat at Annual (Anwal). by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin 2014-10-08. wurde 1857 in Madrid als viertes von neun Kindern der Königin Isabella II. The estimated number of deaths related to the infection worldwide ranged from 20 to >50 million [1–3]. Why Hemophilia Is Called ‘A Royal Disease’ May 24, 2017. by Wendy Henderson. Alfonso XIII, King of Spain By Carolina García Sanz De Borbón, Alfonso (King Alfonso XIII, El Africano [the African], El rey regeneracionista, The Regenerator) King of Spain Born 17 March 1886 in Madrid, Spain Died 28 February 1941 in Rome, Italy Alfonso XIII was a controversial Spanish king during the first decades of the 20th century. He continued the system of alternating conservative and liberal governments (based on continued elections), but he increasingly intervened in politics in order to rotate governments. He set up a military junta, called the Directory, and when government ministers complained to the King, Alfonso dismissed them. This prompted his mother, María Cristina, Queen, consort of Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1858-1929) to resign the regency in 1902. In August 1914 he had already proposed a Spanish-Italian joint arbitration, which he hoped would result in a Latin-sponsored peace agreement. Alfonso was born as the child of Alfonso XII of Spain and Maria Christina of Austria on May 17th, 1886 in Madrid. The couple went on to have five children: one daughter (a carrier whose children did not inherit the disease) and four sons, two of whom had hemophilia. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alfonso-XIII, 1914-1918-online - International Encyclopedia of the First World War - Biography of Alfonso XIII, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Alfonso XIII, Alfonso XIII - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). His mother, Maria Cristina of Hapsburg, served as regent during Alfonso's minority. King Alfonso XIII was born on May 17, 1886. For most teams in Spain, they just have their name be like this, and nothing changes. García Sanz, Carolina: Alfonso XIII, King of Spain , in: 1914-1918-online. The impact of military defeat in Morocco, and the post-World War I Depression, put pressure on the King, and after 12 unsuccessful governments during the period 1918–23 Alfonso did not resist the coup of General Primo de Rivera. Alfonso XIII, Spanish king (1902–31) who by authorizing a military dictatorship hastened his own deposition by advocates of the Second Republic. He was born Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena, the son of the late King Alfonso XII of Spain and Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria. Alfonso XIII, 1886–1941, king of Spain (1886–1931), posthumous son and successor of Alfonso XII. His mother, Queen Maria Christina, was appointed regent during his minority. 1902 - Alfonso XIII assumed control of the government. After helping a French washerwoman find her husband, who was missing in action, in 1914, thousands of letters were sent asking for the Spanish king’s intervention in personal affairs. He was a monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year. Her wife, María Cristina, was pregnant when he died, so the next king would be Alfonso XIII. Alfonso XIII appears as "King Buby" in Luis Coloma's story of Ratoncito Pérez (1894), which was written for the King when he was 8 years old. Although the Restoration regime wanted the army’s role and involvement in politics to decrease, the monarch took his position as commander-in-chief of the Spanish army seriously. ALFONSO XIII AND THE SECOND REPUBLIC 2. Eventually, he agreed to hold municipal elections (April 1931), which, at least in the important towns, resulted in a landslide for the Republican and Socialist parties. Restoration Regime; Spanish neutrality; Pacifism; Humanitarianism; War prisoners, King Alfonso XIII, El Africano [the African], El rey regeneracionista; The Regenerator, A Young King: The Expectations for Spanish Regeneration, María Cristina, Queen, consort of Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1858-1929), Victoria Eugenia, Queen, consort of Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1887–1969), Victoria, Queen of Great Britain (1837–1901). 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