Sweet gum trees are easy to maintain once mature, but do require some basic care to keep the tree healthy and vibrant. A lot depends on the age of your house, how well it was built and also what kind of soil you have. Free 1-year guarantee on all plants. Shamoon earned her Bachelor of Arts in creative writing and history at the University of Central Arkansas and is currently pursuing her master's degree in teaching at Southern Arkansas University. Durham Co., NC 9/10/02. From reading other forums apparently the roots for this are v shallow and aggressive. Sweetgum trees (Liquidambar Styraciflua) sometimes grow overbearing root systems that bulge from the ground and damage landscape features. 9AM-6PM ET Mon-Fri. 9:30AM-6PM Sat & Sun Perhaps it is time for some rehabilitation. Flower: Inconspicuous white flowers in spring. Their roots compete for soil nutrients and may cause damage to surrounding plants and trees. In the old days, youngsters throughout the rural South went to the woods, not the grocery store, for their chewing gum. Latin Name: The Latin name for this tree species is Liquidambar styraciflua.It is a member of the Altingiaceae family and is sometimes classified in the Hamamelidaceae (witch hazel) family. The Sweet Gum tree is the sand spur of the forest. From reading other forums apparently the roots for this are v shallow and aggressive. Typically multi-stem clump trees have branches starting out at or near ground level; however, these branches can be pruned up as desired. T he Sweet Gum tree is a truly beautiful tree for your landscape, although not everyone is a fan. Surface roots of the sweetgum tree damage hardscape features in your landscape, such as sidewalks, driveways and porches. I also agree the Sweet Gum tree is another bad choice. Chapel Hill, NC 11/13/05. Delivering reddish-pink growth in spring in rich green in summer, the Wildfire Black Gum is known for its show of color. Before mixing herbicides, wear safety equipment, such as goggles, work gloves and long sleeves. Their aggressively spreading roots may connect to nearby trees, causing a union in their vascular systems and using herbicides on sweetgum trees that have shared vascular systems may potentially damage desirable trees when the herbicides travel through the sweetgum tree’s roots. It can be an excellent shade tree in the right location, away from foot traffic where the spiky "gumball" fruits will not be an annoyance. Sweetgum trees develop surface roots as it matures and severing one major root within a small diameter of the trunk may kill up to 25 percent of the tree’s root system. Five years ago our street was flooded for about a week (from back to back hurricanes), and the tree really hasn't been the same since. An 8 foot tall multi-stem clump tree means that the size of the tree will be approximately 8 feet from the top of the root ball (top of the ground) to the top branches at the time of planting. The sweet gum tree attracts wildlife including blue jays, cardinals, mourning doves, squirrels, chipmunks and luna moths. A frustrated sweet gum tree owner recently sent me and e-mail which he sent to his tree after spending another spring day picking up an endless number of sweet gum balls. wide. However, if the house is right, surely the tree must come second in your priorities. While the trees were popular for builders and municipalities to plant due to their medium to fast rate of growth and beautiful color, they have become an annoyance for many homeowners. Common Names: This tree has many common names and may be known as sweetgum, gumtree, red gum, star-leaved gum, American sweetgum, alligator-wood, bilsted, satin-walnut, American-storax, … You may be able to locate these roots, if they exist, by digging a foot or two deep within a few feet of the foundation. Sweetgum trees develop surface roots as it matures and severing one major root within a small diameter of the trunk may kill up to 25 percent of the tree’s root system. Not all herbicides work in the same way, and some trees are resistant to certain herbicides. Ends of Branches Turn Black Frost Damage - In areas where the fall has been mild, trees may put out new growth up to and beyond the normal frost date. Stems often have corky and attractive wings during the second year. Sweet gum tree leaves have five to seven pointed lobes, and their shape will remind you of a star. The Latin name is Liquidambar styraciflua, while the common name is also be known as “Redgum”. If you're afraid of the messy \"gumballs,\" or seed pods, produced by many sweetgums, look for a non-fruiting variety of this popular tree. https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=225. Because a sweet gum tree may grow 80 feet tall and hose-end sprayers typically have a maximum good-pressure range of up to 30 feet, spraying a mature sweet gum adequately is difficult for a homeowner. Sweet-gum is known for its unique star-shaped leaves with outstanding yellow, red, and purple fall color. Gnaf21 said: I have a sweet gum tree that's very close to my house and one of its roots (close to the trunk and probably a large supporting root) is blocking my water pipes. This U.S. native possesses a narrow habit that opens up and rounds with age. The only edible part of the tree is the dried sap which makes a fragrant, bitter chewing gum. Description of sweet gum tree: The sweet gum has a pyramidal habit when young, eventually becoming rounded and tall -- up to more than 100 feet. Several years ago I planted several Sweet Gum trees on my property. Call to Order! Some post-emergent herbicides kill established tree-root systems. If we were to cut the tree down (which would be a shame) I have also read mention that the roots which possibly extend under the house would be a nightmare to get rid of and would sprout up if that is the term! Sweetgum are native to the southeastern United States and belong to the Altingiaceae family. Fall Line Ridge 89,981 ... How to Cut Down a Tree Near Your House or A Building - Duration: 5:17. I suggest you have a read of this article on the RHS website - https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=225. Sweet Gum Tree is the name given to the solo work of Loire-Valley based multi-instrumentalist and singer-songwriter Arno Sojo. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. Whenever the surface of the trunk of a gum tree breaks, cracks, or is damaged in any way, a thick gummy substance called kino will flow from it. You’ll find it in many different types of gum trees, including both the wholesale black gum trees and the sweet gum trees for sale through Cold Stream Farm. If you find a suspect root, cut it off. Dark green in summer, turning yellow to deep red in fall. reply to Angelo; samantha durfee 3 years ago. Triclopyr, imazapyr and glyphosate-based herbicides work best in killing sweetgum trees. It is a native American tree from the eastern part of North America. Q. In extreme cases, particularly with older homes, the entire house structure may suffer damage. Tia Shamoon has been writing online since 2009, specializing in topics such as interior decorating, party planning, history, family, frugal living and cooking. It ranges from the southwestern part of Connecticut to central Florida, west to Texas and north to Southern Illinois. Sweet gum resin or sap may stick to your teeth. Q. I have a sweetgum tree in my front yard that appears to be healthy, however it is beginning to leave a large circle of dry soil/grass Any thoughts on this type of tree and proximity to houses. Especially if planted near the front of a house or entry. Sweetgum trees grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10. The US seems full of horror stories about it cracking drains. (800) 973-8959. Three meters is a bit close, but I doubt very much whether liquidambar, which would have been pot grown, or root balled (therefore a root system that has been tampered with and a bit reduced in vigour), will have the sort of extensive root spread that some other trees can produce, especially self-seeded ones like sycamore, willow, cherry, or ash. Ohio State University Extension: Relative Effectiveness of Herbicides Commonly Used to Control, University of Minnesota Extension: Removing Trees and Shrubs, Penn State University: Controlling Weeds in Nursery and Landscape Plantings. American sweetgum are deciduous trees prized for their star-shaped leaves that turn a mix of brilliant fall colors. Because surface roots of a sweetgum tree develop during maturity, sweetgum trees may grow too large for non-professional use of a stump grinder. Sweet Gum Tree I have a 20-year-old sweet gum, approximately 50' tall, with leaves out fully at the top but sparse at lower branches. The downside to growing a sweetgum tree is the seed pods. Would you say a 25ft sweetgum (Liquid Ambar) tree about 3m from a house is likely to cause issue? This is a guide about preventing a sweetgum tree from making balls. Full sun is the ideal condition for this tree, meaning it should get at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. 5:17. However, for many homeowner's this display does not make up for the deluge of spiny seed pods that litter their yard. Call a professional for stump and root removal if you do not have experience in the use of stump grinders or if the sweetgum tree is too large for successful removal with a small grinder. Stump grinders remove remaining parts of dead or freshly cut trees. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Though concrete settling is not always a hazard, too often it can cause basic structural damage in older homes. There, they sought out a tree with unusual … Common Facts . This early successional tree often associates with Tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera). Saturate the sweetgum tree stump with the herbicide mixture immediately after cutting the tree. There are two huge sweetgum trees close to my house that belong to my neighbor. I do admire your consideration for the tree! Buy your plants and trees online for 33% less than big box stores and gardens centers. The chewing tree The sweet gum tree was to pioneer youth the rustic equivalent of a gum-ball machine. I was not planning to cut it off but the water guys just sawed it off without my permission! I had just thought poorly laid drive originally. Measure the sweetgum tree and mark it at one foot above ground level. Homesteady 119,263 views. Grow your fruit trees, berry plants, nut tree, and berry plants at home for savings at the grocery store. Clay soils can suffer subsidence form fluctuating water content caused by heavy rain, drought and trees consuming water. Log in or register to join the conversation. Buy hardy palm trees and bamboo plants at low prices for fast tropical savings. The handsome foliage is glossy green spring through summer. The 5 pointed leaves turn bright and fiery red during the autumn months, making the sweet gum tree a wonderful choice for a shade tree in St. Louis, MO. Brilliant Red Leaves, Even in Spring Why Wildfire Black Gum Trees? The sweetgum is a typical southern bottomland tree that occurs most abundantly on moist, rich, alluvial soils in association with many other species in valleys, swamps, and near ponds and streams. Mix the herbicide according to package instructions and funnel the mixture into a tank sprayer. Check the area periodically for new growth or shoots emerging from the old site. Sweetgum trees have extensive root systems and may sprout new shoots if the herbicide application was unsuccessful. Mature leaves are 4 to 7 inches (10 to 18 cm.) Generally considered a southern tree, the sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua) reaches the northernmost limits of its natural range along the coast not far north of New York City. Check to see if mortar from brick or stonewalls are leaching into the soil near the tree and making it more alkaline. The vicious seed pods have impaled many a forager and has done much to ruin the Sweet Gum’s reputation. I have had foundation problems in the past and even though the foundation was repaired and lifted, I … Cut the tree down to the mark and drive a sharp spade into the ground surrounding the stump to sever the roots away from possible vascular connections. Support beams may shift, walls may sink or crack, and ceilings may become uneven. Where to Plant a Sweet Gum Tree Sometimes when roots encounter the looser backfill soil near the foundation, they can abruptly start growing down. You painfully find them with your feet. Killing your sweetgum tree and removing its root system saves gardening time by eliminating gumball litter and damaging property elements, such as your home's foundation or flowerbeds. As a pioneer species, sweetgum is also common on abandoned fields and logged or clearcut areas, where it frequently forms dense thickets. Felling and milling a sweet gum tree - Duration: 25:54. Their fall color lasts much longer than most other trees. The bark is grayish brown and deeply furrowed. I had just thought poorly laid drive originally. It's a house we are looking at and looking closer I can see the driveway has some buckling. The sweet gum tree has long been used for medicinal purposes and as a source of hardwood for furniture. Grew up with those as a kid, lots of hurt feet and a pain to pickup. Apply herbicide mixture as soon as you notice new growth, as seedlings are more susceptible to herbicide applications. The sweet gum tree creates fireworks in the garden, with star-shape leaves that change to fiery hues in fall. Sweetgum trees are resistant against herbicides with 2,4-D as its main ingredient. Sweetgum leaves turn a spectacular range of colors in the fall, from bright yellow to purplish-black. Sweetgum trees are a fall beauty with their variegated colorful leaves. The star-shaped leaves, which are alternate and deciduous, have a pleasant, sweet fragrance when crushed. A fragrant sap bleeds from the tree when the bark is wounded. Common name: 'Slender Silhouette' American sweetgum Botanical name:Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Slender Silhouette’ Foliage: Deciduous, star-shaped. ... Sweet Gum Tree Growth Slow And Sparse After Severe Winter; Seed-filled, spiky-textured balls develop and drop in the fall, but not in great quantity. The American sweet gum is a popular tree in the St. Louis area. I have a friend in Belgium who has one of these planted about 25' from her house and absolutely no problems whatsoever. Spiny seed balls form on the tree and persist through the winter months. Would you say a 25ft sweetgum (Liquid Ambar) tree about 3m from a house is likely to cause issue? If you choose not to grind down the stump, bury it with topsoil or mulch to cover the area while the herbicides work to kill the root system. 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