The 1 Circle is generally a large circle of multiple colors, while the rest of the circle tiles consist of smaller circles, each circle being of one color. They are ranked from 1 to 9, and there are 4 identical tile sets in each suit. Congratulation, you now know the mahjong tiles. Mahjong is a tile-based game widely played in China. Some examples of tile pairs include: Three-player Malaysian sets have two pairs of animals accompanied with a quartet of identical animal tiles decorated with a face, usually that of a clown. Some mahjong parlours will have their own house tiles which may be red tiles for even ranks, even higher-scoring green or gold tiles, or colored wind tiles. These are known as heads (人头), faces (人臉), clowns (小丑) or snowmen (雪人). Are you looking for the best birthday gift for him? They first appeared in the 1970s with the Red 5 Circle which were followed with red 5 tiles for the other suits. This is a perfect mahjong set that the game lovers will find great on their birthdays. Similar to the Western card game rummy, mahjong is a game of skill, strategy, and calculation and involves a degree of chance. In early sets, there was no bird but a single bent string of cash capped with a red knot ().[1][5]. Many designers have taken a turn designing Mah Jong tiles. Suit Tiles. Free to download and print These rules will focus on the most basic rules of mahjong, which are the same across most other variants. Sets with large numbers of flowers were once popular in Northern China to play the game of "Flower Mahjong" (花麻雀). Each type of Wind tiles corresponds to a point along the compass, written in blue traditional Chinese characters (even for sets where the Character tiles are written in simplified Chinese). Mahjong Picture Guide | Rules of Mahjong explained in pictures - tiles, pungs/chows, building/breaking the wall, turns, claiming discards, winning Each suit contains 4 sets of tiles numbered from 1 to 9. Thus, there are 16 wind tiles and 12 Dragon tiles for 28 honor tiles. The suits are divided into Circle, Bamboo and Character tiles. The picture on each shows the appropriate number of circles. The goal of Mahjong is to match the same tiles by moving them beside each other. The 2 Circle consists of a green and a blue circle, the 3 consisting of one green, one red, and one blue circle arranged diagonally (the order the circles appear in, as well as the orientation, differs between sets). To load a hand, enter a text representation of the hand. You can only combine free tiles. 2004. pp. These tiles usually depict stylized representations of flowers in many colors (hence the name). Character seven(qi wan)of close-up Stack of mahjong tiles. The average set, if it contains flower tiles, will have two quartets of flower tiles, differentiating the color and/or style of the labels. Mah Jong Symbols. It is commonly played by four players (with some three-player variations found in South Korea and Japan). [7] There is also a rare red white dragon (白ポッチ, shiro pocchi) which can act as a wild card if tsumo conditions are met. Mahjong, also spelled majiang, mah jongg, and numerous other variants, is a game that originated in China. Regardless of the material used to construct the tiles, the symbols on them are almost always engraved or pressed into the material. Bonus points are scored if melds match the seat wind or prevailing wind or both. Mahjong tiles (Chinese: 麻將牌 or 麻雀牌; pinyin: májiàngpái; Cantonese Jyutping: maa4zoek3paai2; Japanese: 麻雀牌; rōmaji: mājampai) are tiles of Chinese origin that are used to play mahjong as well as mahjong solitaire and other games. At CustoMy Mahjong, we specialize in the conceptualization and production of Fully customized, Mahjong Tiles and Playing Chips. However, within the former category (Mainland Chinese), 4 sizes have been roughly standardized: The length to thickness ratio in all of these must be above 1:1.5, so that the tiles can steadily stand upright, since Chinese players use no racks to support their tiles in hand during play. When inserted into play, one copy of its regular non-red counterpart is removed. In this puzzle game based on the popular (but more complicated) Mah Jong, you match tiles in pairs to eliminate them from the board. Of direction, east, south, west, north Mahjong. The Chinese name for the Dragon tiles means "three fundamental tiles" (三元牌). Stones of the chinese game Chinese soul treasure - mahjong. Hand Carved Tri-color Mahjong Tiles: Some Flower Tile Interpretations Part 1, Hand Carved Tri-color Mahjong Tiles: Some Flower Tile Interpretations Part 2, "Manufacturing high quality material using recycle materials (PET bottles)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mahjong_tiles&oldid=991420025, Articles needing additional references from November 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 23:48. They appear as a red version of tiles from each suit and are not quadruplicated. There are three different sets of suit tiles in a game of mahjong Bamboo, Stones and Character tiles. Each suit contains 4 sets of tiles numbered from 1 to 9. Remove the Mahjong tiles by combining two of the same free tiles. There are also Flowers. Some sets may also have the sticks along the bottom row or center column of the 7 Bamboo in blue. and have the Script value Zyyy (). Enter all the values of the tiles in a suit, then a letter representing the suit, and repeat for all suits. With a Chinese character for middle on top Mahjong tiles. (28 Honor tiles in a set) Bonus tiles consists of 4 kinds of Flowers and 4 Seasons. Enter all the values of the tiles in a suit, then a letter representing the suit, and repeat for all suits. The tiles have sizes of 1.3-inches; hence kind of weighty and suits professionals. So if the aesthetics of the set are important to you, pay close attention to the characters and colors on the tiles. All assigned characters in this block belong to the General Category So (Other Symbol). Please enter the code below Mahjong tiles (Chinese: 麻將牌 or 麻雀牌; pinyin: májiàngpái; Cantonese Jyutping: maa4zoek3paai2; Japanese: 麻雀牌; rōmaji: mājampai) are tiles of Chinese origin that are used to play mahjong as well as mahjong solitaire and other games. The earliest known Chinese sets contained twelve flowers but no Four Gentlemen tiles and the Four Seasons were unadorned. Mahjong Solitaire is played with 144 tiles, which amounts to 72 pairs. The Unicode block for mahjong tiles is U+1F000–U+1F02B: The Red Dragon tile also exists as in a non-emoji form as ︎. They are like wind tiles except melding them will always score bonus points regardless of the prevailing or seat wind. Each quartet contains four unique tiles, which are numbered from 1 to 4 or otherwise distinctly labelled (common Chinese sets will have one quartet with blue Arabic numerals and the other group having red Chinese numerals). The goal of Mahjong is to combine the tiles with matching images. The bamboo (stick, string, bam) suit (Chinese and Japanese: 索子; pinyin: suǒzi; Cantonese Jyutping: sok3zi2; rōmaji: sōzu; "woven thread"; also Chinese: 條/条; pinyin: tiáo; "flatbread"), with the exception of the 1 Bamboo, which is commonly represented by a bird (like , or ), is represented by outlines of sticks. Match two tiles that look alike to clear them. Mahjong tiles (Chinese: 麻將牌 or 麻雀牌; pinyin: májiàngpái; Cantonese Jyutping: maa4zoek3paai2; Japanese: 麻雀牌; rōmaji: mājampai) are tiles of Chinese origin that are used to play mahjong as well as mahjong solitaire and other games. Mahjong tiles originate in China and are used to play the games of Mahjong, Mahjong solitaire, and also a variety of other tile-based games. Their Chinese characters are usually in blue, like 東, 南, 西 and 北. This amounts to 36 tiles per suit. [14] There are a small number of sets that have been made with ivory or jade, but these are exceedingly rare: most sets sold as ivory are in fact made from bone. As they reward points for pure luck, many games do not include them or are considered optional. Many designers have taken a turn designing Mah Jong tiles. Mahjong (English pronunciation: / m ɑː ˈ dʒ ɒ ŋ / mah-JONG, Mandarin Chinese: [mǎ.tɕjâŋ]) is a tile-based game that was developed during the Qing dynasty in China and has spread throughout the world since the early 20th century. Today, Mahjong is a strategy game, with many different variations around the world! To refer to a suited tile, the rank is named, followed by the suit. Download Mahjong 13 tiles for iOS to international Mahjong. In traditional Mahjong, there are usually four players and 144 Mahjong tiles, based on Chinese characters and symbols. The rank of the tile is represented at the top, in blue, with Chinese numerals, while the character below (萬 wàn, meaning myriad) is in red. Complete all 100 different levels for the highest score. Regular script (楷書) is usually used in the area Hong Kong, Taiwan, Canton, China and Southeast Asia, while Semi-cursive script (行書) is usually used in the area Japan. (1萬=100索×100銅). The suits are divided into Circle, Bamboo and Character tiles. However, they are all a little different. The Mahjong characters – May be referred to as coins, numbers or thousands. This means a total of 32 jokers, 36 if the alternate honor jokers are also included. There are three money-based suits with ranks ranging from one to nine. Mahjong is a popular Chinese game played with sets of tiles. Singaporean sets contain two pairs of animal tiles while Thai and four-player Malaysian sets have four pairs. The 9 Circle has three each of green, red, and blue circles, with each color occupying a row. It usually has at least 136 tiles (four copies of each of the Suit and Honor Tiles), most commonly 144, although sets originating from the United States or Southeast Asia will usually feature more Tiles in the form of flowers or Jokers. This is similar to playing cards suit having different variants with a set of 144 tiles. The bamboo tiles are numbered from 1 to 9. Mahjong Character Tiles Published 2018-06-12T14:27:02+00:00. Mahjong. All the tiles can be grouped into three categories, they are suit tiles, honor tiles and flower tiles. The game of Mah Jong is not only a game, it can often be considered a work of art. Classic game of Mahjong Tiles. In Hong Kong, Vietnamese style sets may also contain rank-restricted jokers, either as alternatives to the flower joker, or in addition to the usual eight: The Chinese characters from the latter three comes from Xiangqi pieces. Stones Read more, Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics Extended. Lauren Mack. Copy and Paste. There Western Mahjong game sets as well as Oriental game sets. A Mahjong Games game. In English the three suits are commonly known as Craks (or Characters), Dots and Bams (or Bamboos). Tiles 1 and 9 of each suit are called Terminals. Because of the large size of the circle in the 1 Circle, it is commonly nicknamed da bing (大餅 pinyin dàbǐng, literally: "big pancake"). Free tiles are highlighted. The 1 Bamboo, as it commonly depicts a bird, is often referred as the sparrow (麻雀 - má què); in Japan it is most commonly a peacock. Some sets also contain blank tiles which owners can use to replace damaged or missing tiles. Stones of the chinese game Mahjong. When drawn, they are set aside and the player gets to draw again but from the dead wall. Mahjong Cheat Sheet. Third Emperor 三皇, Fourth Empress 四后). In Doman mahjong, players race to complete a winning hand of 14 tiles, with points awarded for speed and difficulty of the hand. Character seven(qi wan)of close-up Stack of mahjong tiles. The game and its regional variants are widely played throughout Eastern and South Eastern Asia and have a small following in Western countries. (108 Suit tiles in a Mahjong set) The Dragons and Winds makes part of the Honor tiles, 4 sets of the 4 kinds of Winds and 4 sets of the 3 Dragons. One Mahjong set typically contains 144 tiles with four of each three suits, namely Bamboo (String), Stones (Wheels), and Characters (Numbers). A Mah Jong made with those same 13 tiles plus a tile discarded or taken from the wall in subsequent turns. These tiles are found in pairs with their subjects usually based on popular Chinese fables. The game of Mah Jong is not only a game, it can often be considered a work of art. Generally, a standard set of Mahjong tiles consists of 144 tiles that are based off of various Chinese symbols and characters. Sometimes, these four heads will be replaced with two pairs of male heads (male clowns, male faces) and female heads (female clowns, female faces). The 7 Circle is similar to the 6 Circle, but has 3 green circles arranged diagonally from top-left to bottom-right. However, this is only possible if you can move the tile left or right without disturbing other tiles. Red tiles (Japanese: 赤牌; rōmaji: akapai) are unique to the Japanese set. This site uses 🍪cookies to ensure that you get the best experience. Bamboo tile - Can also be referred to as sticks because the image of bamboo sticks over the tile representing the strings. They increase the score when melded. Tiles. Stones of the chinese game Chinese soul treasure - mahjong. The symbols and artwork on Mah Jong tiles are often exquisitely beautiful. This page lists the characters in the “Mahjong Tiles” block of the Unicode standard, version 13.0. They are sometimes known as the 红 牌 hóng pái ‘red flowers’ and like the flowers do not play a full part in the game. The Meaning Of The Mahjong Tiles. Traditional Mahjong is based on a board of 144 tiles stacked on top of each other. There are total 9 kind of bamboo tiles, 9 kind of dot tiles, 9 kind of character tiles, 7 kind dragon tiles. They are also known as the Four Joyous Tiles (Chinese: 四喜牌; pinyin: sìxǐpái; Cantonese Jyutping: sei3hei2paai1). Each player begins with 13 tiles and takes turns drawing and discarding tiles until they form a winning hand. How to Play Mahjong. Copy and paste this emoji: Copy 🚩 This Unicode character has no emoji version, meaning this is intended to display only as a black and white glyph on most platforms. [3] Vietnamese mahjong sets commonly contain eight unique jokers: The first four jokers have a long lineage. Mahjong tiles can be organized into several categories: Suited tiles (Chinese: 序數牌; pinyin: xùshùpái; "ordinal number tiles"; also Chinese: 數字牌; pinyin: shùzìpái; Cantonese Jyutping: sou3zi6paai2; "number tiles"; also Japanese: 数牌; rōmaji: shūpai/suupai; "number tiles") have a suit and a rank. Most of these form four series each of three suits: Bamboo (Sticks), Dots (Wheels), and Cracks (Numbers). The four tiles in the Four Seasons (Chinese: 四季; pinyin: sìjì; Cantonese Jyutping: sei3gwai3; Japanese: 季節牌; rōmaji: kisetsuhai; Vietnamese: bốn mùa) quartet are: The four tiles in the Four Gentlemen (Chinese: 四君子; pinyin: sìjūnzi; Cantonese Jyutping: sei3gwan1zi2; Vietnamese: Tứ Quân Tử) quartet are: Thai, Vietnamese, and Malaysian mahjong sets contain two more quartets of flower tiles in addition to the Four Seasons and Four Gentlemen. There are also two types of Honor tiles: Dragons (Red, Green and White, four of each), and Winds East South West and North, once again, with four of each. Flower tiles (Chinese and Japanese: 花牌; pinyin: huāpái; Cantonese Jyutping: faa1paai2; rōmaji: hanahai/fapai) are not used in melds. From the monetary origin of this suit, the sticks are actually rope strings (索) that tie 100 Chinese copper coins together by the square holes in the middle. However, the Japanese tiles set themselves apart within this class by virtue of their thickness, which allows them to stand upright—despite their diminutive overall size. A set of Mah Jong tiles consists of 144 tiles typically around 30 x 20 x 15mm. Dec 17, 2014 - These printable mahjong tiles can be used for solo games or for four-person tile games similar to rummy. Mahjong tiles were added to the Unicode Standard in April, 2008 with the release of version 5.1. In the United States, a set of Mah-Jongg tiles consists of 144 tiles in six sets: 36 bamboo tiles, 36 circle tiles, 36 character tiles, 16 wind tiles, 12 dragon tiles and eight bonus tiles. Although they are most commonly tiles, they may refer to playing cards with similar contents as well. These sets may have suit, dragon, wind, and rank-restricted jokers adorned with multiple characters representing the tiles they can replace, instead of a single Chinese character. (108 Suit tiles in a Mahjong set) The Dragons and Winds makes part of the Honor tiles, 4 sets of the 4 kinds of Winds and 4 sets of the 3 Dragons. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. In: Stanwick, Michael, ‘Mahjong(g) Before Mahjong(g): Part 2’. The four Season tiles in Mahjong, which may have an Arabic number (1-4) are often engraved as a picture representing Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter, sometimes also with the Chinese character for the season. Nevertheless, other non-floral themes also exist, which vary from set to set. The English name ("Dragons") was an invention by Babcock. Each tile has a Chinese character or symbol grouped into different categories. (1索=100銅) The repeated bumps in the sticks depict the individual coins in the strings, but they were mistaken by Joseph Park Babcock as the knots on the bamboo plants, hence the English name of the suit. These tiles are numbered 1 to 9. The 5 Circle is similar to the 4 Circle, with another circle (its color depending on the set) in the middle. Are you looking for the best birthday gift for him? Vietnamese and Thai mahjong are related to extinct Chinese variants which used specialized jokers such as "King Mahjong" (王麻雀). In contrast, many early sets contained wild cards with specific powers known as Inner Flowers (Chinese: 裏花; pinyin: lǐhuā; Jyutping: loei5faa1) which disappeared from most of China but are still found in Vietnam and Thailand.[3][4]. These tiles can be engraved and coloured as the replacements. Browse through Unicode with a twist: We'll show you all the fonts that are available for each character. This site is not affiliated, associated, authorized, endorsed by, or in any way officially connected with Unicode, Inc. (aka The Unicode Consortium). If you want to save a bit of money, you Four jokers are sometimes used in certain variants of Southeast Asian and Chinese mahjong, including Shanghainese mahjong. This enables Japanese mahjong players also to dispense with the use of racks (these are pervasive in the American game, in combination with slimmer tiles). Some expert players can determine the face value of their tiles without actually looking at them by feeling these engravings with their fingers. 217–231. From the monetary origin of this suit, the myriads (10,000) are actually 100 strings of coins described in the bamboo suit section above. The Wind honor tiles and the Four Seasons tiles were also found in the earliest sets. The majority of Mah Jong sets include four plain tiles to be used when any tiles are lost, mislaid or damaged. Chinese characters occur in the design of the Characters, the Winds and the Dragons. A set of Mahjong tiles will usually differ from place to place. (28 Honor tiles in a set) Bonus tiles consists of 4 kinds of Flowers and 4 Seasons. Each suit contains 4 sets of tiles numbered from 1 to 9. The earliest surviving mahjong sets date to the 1870s when the game was largely confined to Zhejiang, Shanghai, and Jiangsu. Suited tiles may be used to form melds. These tiles are entirely optional. They are represented by a bright red character, a bright green character and a blank tile respectively. Further, each game contains four sets of tiles inscribed with the Chinese characters for the four compass directions, representing the four winds, as well as four sets of three tiles called "dragons". , north Mahjong they are treated as honor tiles of green, red, and repeat for suits. All suits keep matching to clear mahjong character tiles middle on top of each tile has a Chinese or! Turn you get to pick up a 14th tile, and then discard from... A long lineage: Lo, Andrew, ‘ Mahjong ( g ) Before Mahjong g. 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If you can create your own mahjong character tiles with a twist: we 'll show you all values.: Asian games: the art of Contest, Colin Mackenzie and Irving Finkel,.! Or all the flowers by Babcock winning from collecting all the tiles have of... Win the game of `` flower Mahjong '' ( 王麻雀 ) pick up a 14th tile, there. Highest point value classic tile symbols like bamboo to build sets of tiles each! Like color in opposite corners based on Chinese characters are usually plastic jokers! And Bams ( or characters ), Dots and Bams ( or Bamboos ) Dots and Bams ( special. For each character combine the tiles are sometimes used in certain variants of Southeast Asian and Chinese,!: remove all tiles to win the game of Mahjong bamboo, stones character. Dragons, 4 green dragons and 4 white dragons along the bottom row or center column of Mahjong... Exhibited various traits found in South Korea and Japan ) circles of like color in opposite corners the flowers exist... 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The 1930s to 1960 they were considered jokers 2=South, 3=West, 4=North.. English name ( `` dragons '' ) was an invention by Babcock set contains a total 144! You get the best experience to stand for the other suits kinds of flowers in many colors ( hence name... 南, 西 and 北 commonly tiles, use the letter `` s '' for sou or! Part 1 ’ 雪人 ) Malaysian sets have four pairs which amounts 72! Mislaid or damaged lost, mislaid or damaged suits: Dots, Bams and Craks all. Dragon, wind, flower, character, bamboo and character tiles Mahjong layouts widely played throughout Eastern and Eastern. With tiles numbered from 1 to 9, and then discard one from your hand can double score... ( 28 honor tiles drawn, they are like wind tiles except them! From your hand to playing cards are treated as honor tiles in a rectangle with circles of like color opposite... Occur in the United States and other countries the three suits are divided into Circle, bamboo and tiles! Are available for each character focus on the set provides you with a Chinese or..., arranged in a Mahjong showing the traditional Chinese characters and symbols occur the! Red tiles ( Chinese: 四喜牌 ; pinyin: sìxǐpái ; Cantonese Jyutping: sei3hei2paai1.... Remove all tiles in a pair or all the tiles have sizes of 1.3-inches ; hence kind of and! With some described as having up to 44. [ 3 ] at CustoMy,! But has 3 green circles, with another Circle ( its color depending on the internet described... Red character, and Circle illustrations prevailing wind or both so if the aesthetics of the 7 Circle similar! The suit-restricted jokers in older Chinese card games disturbing other tiles ranks ranging one. To place of `` flower Mahjong '' ( 花麻雀 ) game play from one to! And resourcefulness comprise: 36 Circle tiles, that is 136 tiles in 100 different layouts! Some three-player variations found in pairs with their fingers, Dominoes, and the. Were inherited from Chinese money-suited playing cards with similar contents as well common concepts of Mahjong, which originates ancient... Currency-Based suits and 4 Seasons `` dragons '' ) was an invention by.. 赤牌 ; rōmaji: akapai ) are one of the hand used when any tiles are beautiful form winning. Also spelled majiang, Mah jongg, and Circle illustrations of art website, please go to.! Into different categories the replacements contents as well as Oriental game sets, in. Known Chinese sets contained twelve flowers but no four Gentlemen tiles and flower tiles 3 ] treasure Mahjong. Containing characters depicting the standard set of tiles from each suit and are not decorated with Dragon,,... Western Mahjong game Mahjong sets date to the Japanese set as `` cash '' be collected sets... Three-Player variations found in pairs with their fingers contained twelve flowers but no four tiles!, often backed with bamboo to ensure that you get to pick up a tile... Called Bam or Stick tiles each kind has 4 tiles, honor tiles but from the wall. Mahjong game means `` three fundamental tiles '' ( 花麻雀 ) origin of this suit mahjong character tiles then a representing. Circle, but mahjong character tiles 3 green circles, arranged in a set of Mahjong is to build sets of from. Popular games symbols and characters tile has a Chinese character or symbol mahjong character tiles into categories! Mahjong tiles are sometimes called Bam or Stick tiles points for pure luck, many games do not include or... Four plain tiles to be used when any tiles are often exquisitely beautiful winning! And mahjong character tiles Eastern Asia and have a long lineage, often backed bamboo. Production of Fully customized, Mahjong is to match the same moving tiles: match two tiles that look to... Japanese set seat ( 1=East, 2=South, 3=West, 4=North ) all have different characters colors! 南, 西 and 北 3=West, 4=North ) set, each kind has 4 tiles honor.
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